New Hampshire Laws for Landlords.
Your Resource for laws affecting landlords in New Hampshire

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Landlord Legislation in New Hampshire

Below is a list of laws for landlords in New Hampshire. New resources, bills and articles are updated daily. You can also type in a Bill Number or Keyword in the search bar to find additional details on laws.

NH SB126 Adopting omnibus legislation on landlord tenant proceedings.

Introduced Session

2021 Regular Session

Summary
Adopting omnibus legislation on landlord tenant proceedings.
Sponsors
Rebecca Perkins Kwoka
Last Action
Ought to Pass with Amendment 2021-0733s, Regular Calendar 24Y-0N, Motion Adopted; OT3rdg; 03/18/2021; Senate Journal 8
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2021-sb126/

NH HB1511 Relative to actions against tenants.

Introduced Session

2020 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to actions against tenants.
Sponsors
Harrison Kanzler
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote 03/12/2020 House Journal 8 P. 141
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2020-hb1511/

NH HB1247 Relative to mortgage defaults and nonpayment of rent during the novel coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak state of emergency.

Introduced Session

2020 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to mortgage defaults and nonpayment of rent during the novel coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak state of emergency.
Sponsors
Casey Conley Willis Griffith Laura Telerski Kristina Schultz Wendy Chase Kenneth Vincent Safiya Wazir Cam Kenney
Last Action
Veto Sustained 09/16/2020: Regular Calendar 187-148 Lacking Necessary Two-Thirds Vote
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2020-hb1247/

NH HB1120 Establishing a committee to study the establishment of water testing requirements for residential rental property.

Introduced Session

2020 Regular Session

Summary
Establishing a committee to study the establishment of water testing requirements for residential rental property.
Sponsors
Wendy Thomas Edith DesMarais Wendy Chase Sherry Frost David Coursin Kathryn Stack Mary Eisner Charlotte DiLorenzo
Last Action
Introduced 06/16/2020, and Laid on Table, Motion Adopted, Voice Vote; 06/16/2020; Senate Journal 8
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2020-hb1120/

NH HB1207 Requiring landlords to notify prospective tenants of the use of pesticides or other toxins in the premises.

Introduced Session

2020 Regular Session

Summary
Requiring landlords to notify prospective tenants of the use of pesticides or other toxins in the premises.
Sponsors
Suzanne Vail Timothy Horrigan Patricia Klee Casey Conley
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote 03/11/2020 House Journal 7 P. 40
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2020-hb1207/

NH HB173 Relative to requirements for residential tenants evicted for nonpayment of rent.

Introduced Session

2019 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to requirements for residential tenants evicted for nonpayment of rent.
Sponsors
Werner Horn Alfred Baldasaro Richard Hinch
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted DV 215-152 01/31/2019 House Journal 4 P. 15
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2019-hb173/

NH HB355 Relative to regulation by the New Hampshire real estate commission.

Introduced Session

2019 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to regulation by the New Hampshire real estate commission.
Sponsors
Jack Flanagan Brian Chirichiello
Last Action
Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2019-2846h (Vote 18-0; Consent Calendar)
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2019-hb355/

NH HB1490 Relative to limits on money judgments in landlord-tenant cases.

Introduced Session

2018 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to limits on money judgments in landlord-tenant cases.
Sponsors
Timothy Twombly Alfred Baldasaro Mariellen MacKay Tracy Emerick Richard Hinch Bill Ohm Donald LeBrun Carl Seidel Kevin Avard
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote 03/06/2018 House Journal 6 P. 47
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2018-hb1490/

NH HB1584 Relative to a landlord’s ability to sell personal property of a commercial tenant.

Introduced Session

2018 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to a landlord's ability to sell personal property of a commercial tenant.
Sponsors
Scott Wallace Richard Hinch Sharon Carson
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted DV 158-152 03/15/2018 House Journal 8 P. 11
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2018-hb1584/

NH SB247 Preventing childhood lead poisoning from paint and water and making an appropriation to a special fund.

Introduced Session

2017 Regular Session

Summary
Preventing childhood lead poisoning from paint and water and making an appropriation to a special fund.
Sponsors
Dan Feltes Martha Fuller Clark Donna Soucy Mindi Messmer Sharon Carson Donald LeBrun Martha Hennessey Jeb Bradley Bill Nelson Jay Kahn David Watters
Last Action
Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment #2017-2513h (NT) for 01/03/2018 (Vote 23-3; Regular Calendar)
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2017-sb247/

NH HB434 Relative to damages in landlord-tenant actions.

Introduced Session

2017 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to damages in landlord-tenant actions.
Sponsors
Leonard Turcotte Brian Chirichiello Linda Gould Andy Sanborn Steven Beaudoin
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote 03/08/2017 House Journal 9 P. 36
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2017-hb434/

NH HB1370 Relative to termination of tenancy.

Introduced Session

2016 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to termination of tenancy.
Sponsors
Warren Groen
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate, Motion Adopted, Voice Vote === BILL KILLED ===; 05/05/2016; Senate Journal 16
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2016-hb1370/

NH HB1196 Relative to the amount of a money judgment for unpaid rent.

Introduced Session

2016 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to the amount of a money judgment for unpaid rent.
Sponsors
Brian Chirichiello Steven Beaudoin Kimberly Rice James Spillane John Potucek Tammy Simmons Joseph Lachance Laura Jones John Burt
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote 03/09/2016 House Journal 23 P. 43
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2016-hb1196/

NH SB135 Relative to lead poisoning in children.

Introduced Session

2015 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to lead poisoning in children.
Sponsors
Dan Feltes Sharon Carson Nancy Stiles Mary Wallner Jeb Bradley David Pierce
Last Action
III. Remainder Effective 09/11/2015
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2015-sb135/

NH HB309 Permitting landlords to remove tenants property in certain circumstances and relative to the committee to study issues concerning parking for those with walking disabilities.

Introduced Session

2015 Regular Session

Summary
Permitting landlords to remove tenants property in certain circumstances and relative to the committee to study issues concerning parking for those with walking disabilities.
Sponsors
Warren Groen Richard Gordon
Last Action
Signed by the Governor on 7/13/2015; Chapter 225; Section 1 Effective 1/1/2016, Section 2 Effective as Provided in Section 3, Remaining Effective 7/13/2015
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2015-hb309/

NH HB653 Prohibiting the use of sex offender registry information for the purpose of harassing, intimidating, or threatening a registered sexual offender or offender against children, or any family member, employer or landlord of such person.

Introduced Session

2015 Regular Session

Summary
Prohibiting the use of sex offender registry information for the purpose of harassing, intimidating, or threatening a registered sexual offender or offender against children, or any family member, employer or landlord of such person.
Sponsors
Timothy Robertson Jordan Ulery Max Abramson Judith Spang Cynthia Chase Dan Feltes Susan Emerson Geoffrey Hirsch
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote; House Journal 24, PG. 858-859
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2015-hb653/

NH HB269 Allowing a landlord to collect first and last month’s rent in addition to a security deposit.

Introduced Session

2015 Regular Session

Summary
Allowing a landlord to collect first and last month's rent in addition to a security deposit.
Sponsors
Joe Duarte Daniel Tamburello David Boutin Gregory Hill James Spillane John Reagan Joseph Pitre Joseph Lachance Pamela Tucker
Last Action
Reconsideration (Rep Horn): Motion Failed Regular Calendar 145-204; House Journal 16, PG. 319-321
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2015-hb269/

NH SB347 Relative to municipal enforcement of land use ordinances.

Introduced Session

2014 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to municipal enforcement of land use ordinances.
Sponsors
David Watters Dennis Malloy Gene Charron Donna Soucy Kathleen Stroud
Last Action
Signed by the Governor on 05/27/2014; Chapter 0077; Effective 01/01/2015
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2014-sb347/

NH HB1336 Relative to the landlord’s agent requirement.

Introduced Session

2014 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to the landlord's agent requirement.
Sponsors
Patrick Long
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate, Motion Adopted, Voice Vote === BILL KILLED ===; Senate Journal 10
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2014-hb1336/

NH HB1274 Relative to the payment of rent and security deposits.

Introduced Session

2014 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to the payment of rent and security deposits.
Sponsors
Shawn Jasper
Last Action
Signed by the Governor on 5/27/2014; Chapter 0056; Effective 7/26/2014
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2014-hb1274/

NH HB413 Relative to property abandoned by tenants.

Introduced Session

2013 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to property abandoned by tenants.
Sponsors
Mark Warden
Last Action
Signed By Governor 07/15/2013; Effective 01/01/2014; Chapter 0237
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2013-hb413/

NH HB482 Regarding infestation of bed bugs in rental housing.

Introduced Session

2013 Regular Session

Summary
Regarding infestation of bed bugs in rental housing.
Sponsors
Patrick Long
Last Action
Signed by Governor 06/04/2013; Effective 01/01/2014; Chapter 0048
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2013-hb482/

NH SB60 Relative to assisted living facilities and landlord tenant law.

Introduced Session

2013 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to assisted living facilities and landlord tenant law.
Sponsors
Bob Odell Thomas Donovan James Grenier Peggy Gilmour Cindy Rosenwald
Last Action
Signed by the Governor on 06/06/2013; Chapter 0061; Effective 06/06/2013
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2013-sb60/

NH HB188 Decreasing the time required for eviction notice in cases where there is a material breach of the lease and requiring the tenant to meet financial obligations under the lease pending appeal.

Introduced Session

2013 Regular Session

Summary
Decreasing the time required for eviction notice in cases where there is a material breach of the lease and requiring the tenant to meet financial obligations under the lease pending appeal.
Sponsors
Mark Warden Laura Jones
Last Action
Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Division Vote 242-106; House Journal 16, PG.308
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2013-hb188/

NH HB1463 Relative to abandonment of the tenancy and relative to property abandoned by a tenant.

Introduced Session

2012 Regular Session

Summary
Relative to abandonment of the tenancy and relative to property abandoned by a tenant.
Sponsors
Ross Terrio
Last Action
House Inexpedient to Legislate: Motion Adopted Voice Vote; House Journal 24, PG.1474
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/nh-2012-hb1463/

Must-Know New Hampshire Landlord-Tenant Laws

Law For Landlords

In the U.S., there are nearly 48.5 million rental units. A little over half of these rental units are owned by business entities, while the rest are owned by individual investors.

There are a lot of good reasons to own rental property in, including providing a passive income source as well as the potential for property value appreciation. Many Americans have managed to make rental property ownership their full-time job, while others might keep a few rental properties as a way of making extra income.

If you are considering becoming a landlord, you likely have a lot of questions. What regulations do landlords need to know? What should I know as a landlord in general?

Understanding landlord-tenant laws is essential for protecting yourself legally and financially. Here’s a brief guide for self-managing landlords regarding some of the most important federal and state laws.

The Fair Housing Act

The Fair Housing Act is one of the two major federal laws that impact all property managers and landlords across the country. This is a law that prohibits discrimination due to national origin, race, religion, color, disability, sex or familial status. This law applies to:

  • Renting or buying a home
  • Seeking housing assistance
  • Getting a mortgage
  • Engaging in other housing-related activities

This law extends beyond leasing where landlords are concerned. It also applies to advertising, meaning that it is illegal to market your properties to any specific group of people.

Fair Credit Reporting Act

The Fair Credit Reporting Act is a law that requires landlords to do a number of things when running a credit check. These include receiving permission from an applicant to run a credit report, informing the applicant if their credit report was the basis for adverse action or denial, and providing specific information regarding the credit reporting agency they used

Law Paint Law

It is required by landlords under federal law to disclose the presence of lead paint. They are not required to remove lead paint under federal law, but state laws might dictate otherwise. It’s important to learn about your state and municipality laws regarding lead paint in addition to the federal law.

Discrimination Law

Beyond the Federal Fair Housing Act, state and local laws might provide additional protection beyond the federal law. These might extend protections to people based on their sexual orientation, age, marital status, political association and even hairstyle.

Tenant Duties

While your tenant is responsible for some things, you should know what those things are as the landlord. Then, you can include those duties in your lease agreement. If a tenant doesn’t fulfill their duties, you may be able to provide a notice to vacate in law. Your tenants need to comply with local health and building codes to keep themselves and others safe. They also need to dispose of garbage safely and legally, and they need to use the property reasonably. That means living in the property, but unreasonable uses could include conducting business. Tenants are also responsible for keeping the property clean on a daily basis. They also can’t do anything that would disturb their neighbors, especially if you own a duplex or a similar property. A tenant must also ensure their guests also comply with these requirements. And whenever your tenant has any issues, they must notify you so that you can correct the problem.

Security Deposit Limit

Before a tenant moves in, you can charge them a security deposit. Fortunately, doesn’t have any limitations regarding the amount the deposit can be. You can set an amount based on the property’s rent or value. And you can charge a security deposit for short-term or long-term leases. Then, you can hold onto that amount for the duration of the tenant’s stay. While you can use the money from the deposit, it’s smart to keep it in a separate account. When the tenant moves out, you can make sure you have enough money to pay them back. You can outline the terms of the security deposit, such as the amount and when you will return it, in your lease agreement. That way, you and your tenant both understand the terms, and you can use similar language if you ever buy property in another state.

A Legal Lease Document

Each state and some municipalities might have laws regarding the lease contract. Rental contracts must abide by all laws and be legally written. It is necessary to indicate tenant names, monthly rental rates, and leasing periods clearly.

In some jurisdictions, it is required that certain legal disclosures be included in the lease document. Working with a lawyer to produce your rental contract can help ensure that the lease provides all of the required information and doesn’t break any federal, state, or local laws.

Required Disclosures

It is common in many states to require landlords to inform tenants about individual landlord policies, certain state laws, or specific information about the rental. It might be required that this is disclosed within the lease itself or in additional documentation.

It’s important to look into your state’s requirements about disclosures. However, some commonly required disclosures include notice of recent deaths, mold, meth contamination, or other safety or health hazards.

Providing a Safe Environment

One important landlord-tenant law has to do with the habitability of the rental unit. The definition of “safe, habitable condition” might be different between states. For this reason, you must familiarize yourself with the laws for landlords in your location.

Typically, this means that the property cannot have serious deficiencies. It also means that fixtures, appliances, heating, and plumbing need to be in working order. You also cannot rent out a property that is infested with pests or insects.

 Landlords are usually responsible for dealing with infestations even if the outbreak happens after the tenant moves in. However, in many states, this can be avoided by specifying that the renter is responsible for pest control.

Laws About Making Repairs

In the lease agreement, it will be outlined that the tenants are responsible for reporting necessary repairs. It then becomes the landlord’s responsibility to complete the repairs within an appropriate amount of time.

If a landlord doesn’t make a repair in a timely manner in a way that impacts the safety or health of a tenant, a tenant might have the right to withhold rent.

Security Deposits

It is common for landlords to require a security deposit from the tenant. This is in order to cover the costs of any damage the tenant causes or if they fail to pay rent. A landlord must refund the security deposit unless it is needed to cover the cost of fixing property damage or covering default rent payments.

In some states, how the security deposit is kept is dictated by the law. It is also typically required that an itemized list of deductions must be provided to the tenant if the landlord is using some of the deposit for these purposes.

The unused portion of the deposit must be returned and the itemized statement must be provided. If they aren’t, the landlord can face financial and legal repercussions.

Renters Right To Privacy

Most landlord-tenant rules and regulations cover the right to quiet enjoyment of a tenant. This means that it is their right to live on a property undisturbed. The landlord must give proper notice before entering the rental unit, which is usually 24 to 48 hours unless there is an emergency.

Landlords can only enter the rental property for valid reasons and at a reasonable time of day after giving notice.

Landlord-Tenant Laws: Essential For Protecting Yourself Legally and Financially

Without a good understanding of landlord-tenant laws, you can find yourself in a mess of legal and financial trouble. It’s therefore very important to familiarize yourself with the federal, state, and local laws regarding the rights of tenants and the responsibilities of landlords.

Are you looking for more valuable resources to serve as a guide for self-managing landlords? You can find more You can find more resources and guides here.

Reviewing Laws for Landlords

Understanding laws for landlords is essential for keeping your properties up and running. It can also protect you and your finances if you have a problematic tenant or experience other issues. Whether you just bought your first rental property or are looking to expand, you should understand how these laws affect you. That way, you won’t have to worry about losing everything. Do you want to learn more about laws for landlords? Let us know.

Please understand that because of the nature of the topic, this page has been written in a generalized form. Further guidance should be sought on the topic being searched by the landlord.

New Hampshire Landlord Legislation Blog

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

A Guide to Section 8 for Landlords

Over 10 million Americans are afforded federal rental assistance under a program known as Section 8 housing. This federal rental assistance can be used all over the United States, which means that all US landlords should have a basic understanding of what Section 8 is and how it works. In short, Section 8 housing provides a solution for low-income families and individuals who are in need of housing. But how does Section 8 housing work for landlords? If you’ve poked around online

Read More »

Pros and Cons of Month-to-Month Rental Leases

The real estate market is in a particularly unusual state in 2021 as the overall economy seeks to correct itself during an ongoing pandemic. One of the more surprising results of the past year is that while housing prices are going up, the cost to rent is, in many places, going down or stabilizing. Now is a great time for property owners to analyze the kind of leasing agreements they typically offer. Is month-to-month rental a better solution in the present,

Read More »

A Guide to Squatter Rights- What Landlords Absolutely Need to Know

If you’re a landlord who has recently discovered the presence of unknown tenants living in one of your properties, you’re probably wondering what to do next. Is this trespassing? Can you simply kick them out? The answer is not quite so simple, assuming these unexpected tenants are squatters. We tend to think of squatters in basic, colloquial terms: people who have moved into a property they don’t own or rent and live there without permission. However, you’ve probably also heard

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A Complete Guide to Every Step in the Eviction Process

As a landlord, your hope is to bring on high-quality tenants that abide by the lease and pay rent on time each month. However, you might be surprised at how likely it is that you could find yourself going through the eviction process at some point in your tenure. In the past few years, US eviction data was compiled and revealed just how common evictions actually are. In fact, in 2016 alone, 2.3 million evictions were filed in America. Our goal is

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The Landlord’s Guide to Rent Collection

There are over 10 million individual landlords in the United States, each with its own methods for rent collection. How a landlord collects rent, what they charge, and how they deal with late payments has to do both with their personal preferences and the laws in their state. Renting is a great way to earn side money or even a full liveable income, but there are many things to consider before you begin looking for tenants. If you have a property you’re interested

Read More »

What to Know Before Creating an LLC for a Rental Property

Interested in joining the more than 11 million real estate investors making money off rental properties? It’s a form of potentially passive income with great appeal, but like any investment, it also comes with potential risks. One way to mitigate risk is by setting up a business that would own the property rather than buying it in your own name. Creating an LLC for a rental property can help manage income, taxes, and liability for your rental business. If you’ve been wondering,

Read More »

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