Bill Summary

Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act; tenant remedies for exclusion from dwelling unit, interruption of services, or actions taken to make premises unsafe. Provides that a general district court shall enter an order upon petition by a tenant that his landlord has (i) removed or excluded the tenant from the dwelling unit unlawfully, (ii) interrupted or caused the interruption of an essential service to the tenant, or (iii) taken action to make the premises unsafe for habitation. The bill allows entry of a preliminary order ex parte to require the landlord to allow the tenant to recover possession of the dwelling unit, resume any such interrupted essential service, or fix any willful actions taken by the landlord or his agent to make the premises unsafe for habitation if there is good cause to do so and the tenant made reasonable efforts to notify the landlord of the hearing. The bill requires that any ex parte order entered shall further indicate a date for a full hearing on the petition that is no later than 10 days from the initial hearing date. Finally, the bill provides that, at a full hearing on such petition and upon proper evidence presented, the tenant shall recover actual damages, the greater of $5,000 or four months’ rent, and reasonable attorney fees.

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Became Law


Date Action Vote Document
2021-01-14House: Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendment (6-Y 1-N)Yea: 6 No: 1 Other: 1Document
2021-01-19House: Reported from General Laws with amendment(s) (13-Y 8-N)Yea: 13 No: 8 Other: 1Document
2021-01-22House: VOTE: Passage (54-Y 44-N)Yea: 54 No: 44 Other: 2Document
2021-02-05Senate: Continued to 2021 Sp. Sess. 1 in General Laws and Technology (14-Y 0-N)Yea: 14 No: 0 Other: 0Document
2021-02-17Senate: Reported from General Laws and Technology (9-Y 5-N)Yea: 9 No: 5 Other: 0Document
2021-02-19Senate: Constitutional reading dispensed (32-Y 0-N)Yea: 32 No: 0 Other: 7Document
2021-02-23Senate: Passed Senate with amendment (21-Y 18-N)Yea: 21 No: 18 Other: 0Document
2021-02-24House: VOTE: REJECTED (1-Y 97-N)Yea: 1 No: 97 Other: 2Document
2021-02-25Senate: Senate insisted on amendment (35-Y 2-N)Yea: 35 No: 2 Other: 2Document
2021-02-27House: VOTE: Agreed To (54-Y 45-N)Yea: 54 No: 45 Other: 1Document
2021-02-27Senate: Conference report agreed to by Senate (20-Y 19-N)Yea: 20 No: 19 Other: 0Document


no data available at this time.

Bill History

Date Action
2021-03-30Governor: Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0403)
2021-03-30Governor: Approved by Governor-Chapter 403 (effective 7/1/21)
2021-03-15Governor: Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., March 31, 2021
2021-03-15Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 15, 2021
2021-03-11Signed by Speaker
2021-03-09Signed by President
2021-03-09Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB1900ER)
2021-02-27Conference report agreed to by Senate (20-Y 19-N)
2021-02-27Passed by temporarily
2021-02-27VOTE: Agreed To (54-Y 45-N)
2021-02-27Conference report agreed to by House (54-Y 45-N)
2021-02-27Conference: Amended by conference committee
2021-02-25Senators: Locke, Petersen, McClellan
2021-02-25Conferees appointed by Senate
2021-02-25Delegates: Hudson, Simon, Fowler
2021-02-25Conferees appointed by House
2021-02-25House acceded to request
2021-02-25Senate requested conference committee
2021-02-25Senate insisted on amendment (35-Y 2-N)
2021-02-24VOTE: REJECTED (1-Y 97-N)
2021-02-24Senate amendment rejected by House (1-Y 97-N)
2021-02-24Placed on Calendar
2021-02-23Passed Senate with amendment (21-Y 18-N)
2021-02-23Engrossed by Senate as amended
2021-02-23Amendment by Senator Petersen agreed to
2021-02-23Reading of amendment waived
2021-02-23Read third time
2021-02-22Passed by for the day
2021-02-22Read third time
2021-02-19Constitutional reading dispensed (32-Y 0-N)
2021-02-17Reported from General Laws and Technology (9-Y 5-N)
2021-02-05Continued to 2021 Sp. Sess. 1 in General Laws and Technology (14-Y 0-N)
2021-01-25Referred to Committee on General Laws and Technology
2021-01-25Constitutional reading dispensed
2021-01-22VOTE: Passage (54-Y 44-N)
2021-01-22Read third time and passed House (54-Y 44-N)
2021-01-21Printed as engrossed 21102519D-E
2021-01-21Engrossed by House as amended HB1900E
2021-01-21Committee amendments agreed to
2021-01-21Read second time
2021-01-20Read first time
2021-01-19Reported from General Laws with amendment(s) (13-Y 8-N)
2021-01-14Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendment (6-Y 1-N)
2021-01-12Assigned GL sub: Housing/Consumer Protection
2021-01-08Referred to Committee on General Laws
2021-01-08Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/13/21 21102519D


Name District
Sally HudsonHD-057
Betsy CarrHD-069
Kaye KoryHD-038
Marcia PriceHD-095
Dawn AdamsHD-068
Lamont BagbyHD-074
David BulovaHD-037
Lee CarterHD-050
Elizabeth GuzmanHD-031
Chris HurstHD-012
Mark KeamHD-035
Kathleen MurphyHD-034
Kenneth PlumHD-036
Sam RasoulHD-011
Ibraheem SamirahHD-086
Marcus SimonHD-053
Shelly SimondsHD-094