Bill Summary

Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act; tenant’s noncompliance; death of tenant. Provides that the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act may also be cited as the “Virginia Rental Housing Act.” The bill also allows a landlord, regardless of whether or not a lawsuit is filed or an order obtained from a court, to recover the following if the rental agreement so provides: (i) rent due and owing as contracted for in the rental agreement, (ii) other charges and fees as contracted for in the rental agreement, (iii) late charges contracted for in the rental agreement, (iv) reasonable attorney fees as contracted for in the rental agreement or as provided by law, (v) costs of the proceeding as contracted for in the rental agreement or as provided by law only if court action has been filed, and (vi) damages to the dwelling unit or premises as contracted in the rental agreement. The bill also requires, in an action for breach of the rental agreement or noncompliance by the tenant, the court to award a money judgment to the landlord if the landlord prevails and specifies what is to be awarded by the court, unless in any such action, the tenant proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the tenant’s failure to pay rent or vacate was reasonable. The bill also provides that in the event of the death of a tenant who is the sole occupant of the dwelling unit, the rental agreement is deemed to be terminated by the landlord as of the date of death and provides that the estate of the tenant remains liable for actual damages.

Note: To view the PDF Bill - Click on the "Click here for Bill Details (PDF)" below.


Became Law


Date Action Vote Document
2014-01-28House: Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendment(s) (6-Y 0-N)Yea: 6 No: 0 Other: 1Document
2014-01-30House: Reported from General Laws with substitute (21-Y 0-N)Yea: 21 No: 0 Other: 1Document
2014-02-05House: VOTE: PASSAGE (92-Y 0-N 3-A)Yea: 94 No: 0 Other: 3Document
2014-02-24Senate: Reported from General Laws and Technology (15-Y 0-N)Yea: 15 No: 0 Other: 0Document
2014-02-26Senate: Constitutional reading dispensed (38-Y 0-N)Yea: 38 No: 0 Other: 0Document
2014-02-27Senate: Passed Senate (40-Y 0-N)Yea: 40 No: 0 Other: 0Document
2014-04-23House: VOTE: REJECTED (0-Y 96-N)Yea: 0 No: 98 Other: 0Document


no data available at this time.

Bill History

Date Action
2014-05-23Governor: Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0813)
2014-05-23Governor: Approved by Governor-Chapter 813 (effective 7/1/14)
2014-04-23Communicated to Governor
2014-04-23VOTE: REJECTED (0-Y 96-N)
2014-04-23House rejected Governor's recommendation (0-Y 96-N)
2014-04-22Placed on Calendar
2014-04-06Governor's recommendation received by House
2014-03-07Signed by President
2014-03-04Signed by Speaker
2014-03-04Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB638ER)
2014-02-27Passed Senate (40-Y 0-N)
2014-02-27Read third time
2014-02-26Constitutional reading dispensed (38-Y 0-N)
2014-02-24Reported from General Laws and Technology (15-Y 0-N)
2014-02-06Referred to Committee on General Laws and Technology
2014-02-06Constitutional reading dispensed
2014-02-05VOTE: PASSAGE (92-Y 0-N 3-A)
2014-02-05Read third time and passed House (92-Y 0-N 3-A)
2014-02-04Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB638H1
2014-02-04Committee substitute agreed to 14104550D-H1
2014-02-04Read second time
2014-02-03Read first time
2014-01-30Committee substitute printed 14104550D-H1
2014-01-30Reported from General Laws with substitute (21-Y 0-N)
2014-01-28Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendment(s) (6-Y 0-N)
2014-01-10Assigned GL sub: Subcommittee #1
2014-01-07Referred to Committee on General Laws
2014-01-07Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/14 14101962D


Name District
Jackson MillerHD-050