Alabama Laws for Landlords
Your Resource for laws affecting landlords in Alabama

(Information is updated daily)

Landlord Legislation in Alabama

Below is a list of laws for landlords in Alabama. New resources, bills and articles are updated daily. You can also type in a Bill Number or Keyword in the search bar to find additional details on laws.

AL SB143 Lead reduction, revise authority of Dept of Public Health to administer program, Secs. 22-37A-2 to 22-37A-7, inclusive, am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2021

Summary
Lead reduction, revise authority of Dept of Public Health to administer program, Secs. 22-37A-2 to 22-37A-7, inclusive, am'd.
Sponsors
Bobby Singleton
Last Action
Tourism first Amendment Offered
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2021-sb143/

AL SB247 Property, Uniform and Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, payment conditions further provided, Sec. 35-9A-461 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2020

Summary
Property, Uniform and Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, payment conditions further provided, Sec. 35-9A-461 am'd.
Sponsors
Jimmy Holley
Last Action
Read for the first time and referred to the Senate committee on Governmental Affairs
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2020-sb247/

AL HB65 Evictions, clarify required notices from landlord to tenant, Secs. 6-6-332, 35-9A-461 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2020

Summary
Evictions, clarify required notices from landlord to tenant, Secs. 6-6-332, 35-9A-461 am'd.
Sponsors
Chris Pringle
Last Action
Read for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Commerce and Small Business
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2020-hb65/

AL HB426 Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, landlord duties, smoke alarms required, Sec. 35-9A-204 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2019

Summary
Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, landlord duties, smoke alarms required, Sec. 35-9A-204 am'd.
Sponsors
Joe Lovvorn
Last Action
Further Consideration
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2019-hb426/

AL HB453 Rental agreements, noncurable defaults of, to create noncurable default when live-in caregiver for disabled person is terminated from job, Sec. 35-9A-421 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2018

Summary
Rental agreements, noncurable defaults of, to create noncurable default when live-in caregiver for disabled person is terminated from job, Sec. 35-9A-421 am'd.
Sponsors
Ken Johnson
Last Action
Commerce and Small Business first Substitute Offered
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2018-hb453/

AL HB421 Evictions, reducing notice period for lease termination, expanding list of non-curable defaults, Sec. 35-9A-421 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2018

Summary
Evictions, reducing notice period for lease termination, expanding list of non-curable defaults, Sec. 35-9A-421 am'd.
Sponsors
David Sessions
Last Action
Forwarded to Governor on March 22, 2018 at 2:22 p.m. on March 22, 2018.
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2018-hb421/

AL HB198 Alabama Assistance and Service Animal Integrity in Housing Act, documentation to be provided to landlord for exeception, offenses of misrepresentation of entitlement to an assistance animal or service animal and misrepresentation of an animal as an assistance animal or service animal created as misdemeanors, Alabama Assistance and Service Animal Integrity in Housing Act

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2018

Summary
Alabama Assistance and Service Animal Integrity in Housing Act, documentation to be provided to landlord for exeception, offenses of misrepresentation of entitlement to an assistance animal or service animal and misrepresentation of an animal as an assistance animal or service animal created as misdemeanors, Alabama Assistance and Service Animal Integrity in Housing Act
Sponsors
Matt Fridy
Last Action
Delivered to Governor at 10:16 a.m. on March 8, 2018.
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2018-hb198/

AL HB457 Landlord and Tenant Act, evictions, civil action for possession, hearing date required to be set within certain time, Sec. 35-9A-461 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2017

Summary
Landlord and Tenant Act, evictions, civil action for possession, hearing date required to be set within certain time, Sec. 35-9A-461 am'd.
Sponsors
Paul Beckman
Last Action
Indefinitely Postponed
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2017-hb457/

AL SB291 Landlord and tenant act, refunds of deposits, landlord obligation, termination of lease, abandonment of property and eviction procedures, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-201, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2014

Summary
Landlord and tenant act, refunds of deposits, landlord obligation, termination of lease, abandonment of property and eviction procedures, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-201, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423 am'd.
Sponsors
Del Marsh
Last Action
Assigned Act No. 2014-279.
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2014-sb291/

AL HB523 Landlord and tenant act, refunds of deposits, landlord obligation, termination of lease, abandonment of property and eviction procedures, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-201, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2014

Summary
Landlord and tenant act, refunds of deposits, landlord obligation, termination of lease, abandonment of property and eviction procedures, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-201, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423 am'd.
Sponsors
Paul Beckman
Last Action
Judiciary first Amendment Offered
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2014-hb523/

AL SB412 Manufactured homes, rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants in manufactured home communities, specified, Alabama Manufactured Home Landlord-Tenant Act

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2013

Summary
Manufactured homes, rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants in manufactured home communities, specified, Alabama Manufactured Home Landlord-Tenant Act
Sponsors
Robert Ward
Last Action
Read for the first time and referred to the Senate committee on Judiciary
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2013-sb412/

AL SB316 Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, definitions, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, attorney fees, noncompliance by landlord or tenant, noncurable default, a landlord’s remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-141, 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-401, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-426 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2011

Summary
Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, definitions, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, attorney fees, noncompliance by landlord or tenant, noncurable default, a landlord's remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-141, 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-401, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-426 am'd.
Sponsors
Del Marsh
Last Action
Delivered to Governor at 11:58 on June 9, 2011
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2011-sb316/

AL HB423 Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, definitions, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, attorney fees, noncompliance by landlord or tenant, noncurable default, a landlord’s remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-141, 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-401, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-426 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2011

Summary
Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, definitions, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, attorney fees, noncompliance by landlord or tenant, noncurable default, a landlord's remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-141, 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-401, 35-9A-421, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-426 am'd.
Sponsors
Mike Jones Paul Beckman
Last Action
Indefinitely Postponed
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2011-hb423/

AL HB56 Illegal immigrants, presence, employment, and benefits regulated, concealing, or protecting illegal aliens, prohibited, verification of legal status, penalties, Alabama Department of Homeland Security to establish E-Verify employer agent service, citizenship status of students required, eligibility and requirements for voter registration, certain business transactions prohibited, Beason-Hammon Alabama Taxpayer and Citizen Protection Act, Sec. 32-6-9 am’d. (2011-21101)

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2011

Summary
Illegal immigrants, presence, employment, and benefits regulated, concealing, or protecting illegal aliens, prohibited, verification of legal status, penalties, Alabama Department of Homeland Security to establish E-Verify employer agent service, citizenship status of students required, eligibility and requirements for voter registration, certain business transactions prohibited, Beason-Hammon Alabama Taxpayer and Citizen Protection Act, Sec. 32-6-9 am'd. (2011-21101)
Sponsors
Terri Collins Jim Patterson Ken Johnson John Merrill Donnie Chesteen Becky Nordgren Richard Baughn Wes Long Mike Hubbard Ed Henry Barry Moore Dan Williams William Roberts Gregory Canfield Kerry Rich Ronald Johnson Allen Treadaway Gregory Wren Micky Hammon Phil Williams Howard Sanderford Harry Bridges Jim McClendon Jack Williams Victor Gaston
Last Action
Delivered to Governor at 11:45 p.m. on June 2, 2011.
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2011-hb56/

AL HB328 Landlord Tenant Act, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, a landlord’s remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, and a landlord’s action for eviction, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-461 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2011

Summary
Landlord Tenant Act, unenforceable provisions in a rental agreement, access to rental property by a landlord for repairs, a landlord's remedy for abandonment of rental property by a tenant, and a landlord's action for eviction, further provided for, Secs. 35-9A-163, 35-9A-303, 35-9A-423, 35-9A-461 am'd.
Sponsors
Mike Hill
Last Action
Read for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Commerce and Small Business
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2011-hb328/

AL HB80 Landlord-tenant, rental agreement, tenant to pay certain attorney’s fees under certain conditions, Sec. 35-9A-163 am’d.

Introduced Session

Regular Session 2011

Summary
Landlord-tenant, rental agreement, tenant to pay certain attorney's fees under certain conditions, Sec. 35-9A-163 am'd.
Sponsors
Gregory Wren
Last Action
Indefinitely Postponed
View Details
https://lawsforlandlords.com/bill/al-2011-hb80/

Must-Know Alabama Landlord-Tenant Laws

Law For Landlords

In the U.S., there are nearly 48.5 million rental units. A little over half of these rental units are owned by business entities, while the rest are owned by individual investors.

There are a lot of good reasons to own rental property in Alabama including providing a passive income source as well as the potential for property value appreciation. Many Americans have managed to make rental property ownership their full-time job, while others might keep a few rental properties as a way of making extra income.

If you are considering becoming a landlord, you likely have a lot of questions. What regulations do landlords need to know? What should I know as a landlord in general?

Understanding Alabama landlord-tenant laws is essential for protecting yourself legally and financially. Here’s a brief guide for self-managing landlords regarding some of the most important federal and state laws.

The Fair Housing Act

The Fair Housing Act is one of the two major federal laws that impact all property managers and landlords across the country. This is a law that prohibits discrimination due to national origin, race, religion, color, disability, sex or familial status. This law applies to:

  • Renting or buying a home
  • Seeking housing assistance
  • Getting a mortgage
  • Engaging in other housing-related activities

This law extends beyond leasing where Alabama landlords are concerned. It also applies to advertising, meaning that it is illegal to market your properties to any specific group of people.

Fair Credit Reporting Act

The Fair Credit Reporting Act is a law that requires Alabama landlords to do a number of things when running a credit check. These include receiving permission from an applicant to run a credit report, informing the applicant if their credit report was the basis for adverse action or denial, and providing specific information regarding the credit reporting agency they used.

Law Paint Law

It is required by Alabama landlords under federal law to disclose the presence of lead paint. They are not required to remove lead paint under federal law, but state laws might dictate otherwise. It’s important to learn about your state and municipality laws regarding lead paint in addition to the federal law.

Discrimination Law

Beyond the Federal Fair Housing Act, Alabama state and local laws might provide additional protection beyond the federal law. These might extend protections to people based on their sexual orientation, age, marital status, political association and even hairstyle.

Tenant Duties

While your tenant is responsible for some things, you should know what those things are as the landlord. Then, you can include those duties in your lease agreement. If a tenant doesn’t fulfill their duties, you may be able to provide a notice to vacate in Alabama law. Your tenants need to comply with local health and building codes to keep themselves and others safe. They also need to dispose of garbage safely and legally, and they need to use the property reasonably. That means living in the property, but unreasonable uses could include conducting business. Tenants are also responsible for keeping the property clean on a daily basis. They also can’t do anything that would disturb their neighbors, especially if you own a duplex or a similar property. A tenant must also ensure their guests also comply with these requirements. And whenever your tenant has any issues, they must notify you so that you can correct the problem.

Security Deposit Limit

Before a tenant moves in, you can charge them a security deposit. Fortunately, Alabama doesn’t have any limitations regarding the amount the deposit can be. You can set an amount based on the property’s rent or value. And you can charge a security deposit for short-term or long-term leases. Then, you can hold onto that amount for the duration of the tenant’s stay. While you can use the money from the deposit, it’s smart to keep it in a separate account. When the tenant moves out, you can make sure you have enough money to pay them back. You can outline the terms of the security deposit, such as the amount and when you will return it, in your lease agreement. That way, you and your tenant both understand the terms, and you can use similar language if you ever buy property in another state, like Wyoming.

A Legal Lease Document

Each state and some municipalities might have laws regarding the lease contract. Rental contracts must abide by all laws and be legally written. It is necessary to indicate tenant names, monthly rental rates, and leasing periods clearly.

In some jurisdictions, it is required that certain legal disclosures be included in the lease document. Working with a lawyer to produce your rental contract can help ensure that the lease provides all of the required information and doesn’t break any federal, state, or local laws.

Required Disclosures

It is common in many states to require landlords to inform tenants about individual landlord policies, certain state laws, or specific information about the rental. It might be required that this is disclosed within the lease itself or in additional documentation.

It’s important to look into your state’s requirements about disclosures. However, some commonly required disclosures include notice of recent deaths, mold, meth contamination, or other safety or health hazards.

Providing a Safe Environment

One important landlord-tenant law has to do with the habitability of the rental unit. The definition of “safe, habitable condition” might be different between states. For this reason, you must familiarize yourself with the laws for landlords in your location.

Typically, this means that the property cannot have serious deficiencies. It also means that fixtures, appliances, heating, and plumbing need to be in working order. You also cannot rent out a property that is infested with pests or insects.

Alabama Landlords are usually responsible for dealing with infestations even if the outbreak happens after the tenant moves in. However, in many states, this can be avoided by specifying that the renter is responsible for pest control.

Laws About Making Repairs

In the lease agreement, it will be outlined that the tenants are responsible for reporting necessary repairs. It then becomes the landlord’s responsibility to complete the repairs within an appropriate amount of time.

If a landlord doesn’t make a repair in a timely manner in a way that impacts the safety or health of a tenant, a tenant might have the right to withhold rent.

Security Deposits

It is common for Alabama landlords to require a security deposit from the tenant. This is in order to cover the costs of any damage the tenant causes or if they fail to pay rent. A landlord must refund the security deposit unless it is needed to cover the cost of fixing property damage or covering default rent payments.

In some states, how the security deposit is kept is dictated by the law. It is also typically required that an itemized list of deductions must be provided to the tenant if the landlord is using some of the deposit for these purposes.

The unused portion of the deposit must be returned and the itemized statement must be provided. If they aren’t, the landlord can face financial and legal repercussions.

Renters Right To Privacy

Most Alabama landlord-tenant rules and regulations cover the right to quiet enjoyment of a tenant. This means that it is their right to live on a property undisturbed. The landlord must give proper notice before entering the rental unit, which is usually 24 to 48 hours unless there is an emergency.

Landlords can only enter the rental property for valid reasons and at a reasonable time of day after giving notice.

Landlord-Tenant Laws: Essential For Protecting Yourself Legally and Financially

Without a good understanding of landlord-tenant laws, you can find yourself in a mess of legal and financial trouble. It’s therefore very important to familiarize yourself with the federal, state, and local laws regarding the rights of tenants and the responsibilities of landlords.

Are you looking for more valuable resources to serve as a guide for self-managing landlords? You can find more resources and guides here.

Reviewing Alabama Laws for Landlords

Understanding Alabama laws for landlords is essential for keeping your properties up and running. It can also protect you and your finances if you have a problematic tenant or experience other issues. Whether you just bought your first rental property or are looking to expand, you should understand how these laws affect you. That way, you won’t have to worry about losing everything. Do you want to learn more about laws for landlords? Let us know.

Please understand that because of the nature of the topic, this page has been written in a generalized form. Further guidance should be sought on the topic being searched by the landlord.

Alabama Landlord Legislation Blog

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

Governor’s Latest Executive Order

KEY FACTS: Issued:  October 15, 2020
Expires:  November 14, 2020 Caveat:
Late Fee Prohibition Remains in Effect
Through December 31, 2020 KEY ISSUES:
Rent Demands: Extends 30-day rent
demand until November 14th The 30-day
rent demand applies to ALL Landlords
(residential and commercial). Late Fees:
The Order establishes a ban […]

A Guide to Section 8 for Landlords

Over 10 million Americans are afforded federal rental assistance under a program known as Section 8 housing. This federal rental assistance can be used all over the United States, which means that all US landlords should have a basic understanding of what Section 8 is and how it works. In short, Section 8 housing provides a solution for low-income families and individuals who are in need of housing. But how does Section 8 housing work for landlords? If you’ve poked around online

Read More »

Pros and Cons of Month-to-Month Rental Leases

The real estate market is in a particularly unusual state in 2021 as the overall economy seeks to correct itself during an ongoing pandemic. One of the more surprising results of the past year is that while housing prices are going up, the cost to rent is, in many places, going down or stabilizing. Now is a great time for property owners to analyze the kind of leasing agreements they typically offer. Is month-to-month rental a better solution in the present,

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A Guide to Squatter Rights- What Landlords Absolutely Need to Know

If you’re a landlord who has recently discovered the presence of unknown tenants living in one of your properties, you’re probably wondering what to do next. Is this trespassing? Can you simply kick them out? The answer is not quite so simple, assuming these unexpected tenants are squatters. We tend to think of squatters in basic, colloquial terms: people who have moved into a property they don’t own or rent and live there without permission. However, you’ve probably also heard

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A Complete Guide to Every Step in the Eviction Process

As a landlord, your hope is to bring on high-quality tenants that abide by the lease and pay rent on time each month. However, you might be surprised at how likely it is that you could find yourself going through the eviction process at some point in your tenure. In the past few years, US eviction data was compiled and revealed just how common evictions actually are. In fact, in 2016 alone, 2.3 million evictions were filed in America. Our goal is

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The Landlord’s Guide to Rent Collection

There are over 10 million individual landlords in the United States, each with its own methods for rent collection. How a landlord collects rent, what they charge, and how they deal with late payments has to do both with their personal preferences and the laws in their state. Renting is a great way to earn side money or even a full liveable income, but there are many things to consider before you begin looking for tenants. If you have a property you’re interested

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What to Know Before Creating an LLC for a Rental Property

Interested in joining the more than 11 million real estate investors making money off rental properties? It’s a form of potentially passive income with great appeal, but like any investment, it also comes with potential risks. One way to mitigate risk is by setting up a business that would own the property rather than buying it in your own name. Creating an LLC for a rental property can help manage income, taxes, and liability for your rental business. If you’ve been wondering,

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